Whether you’re a coach, athlete, parent, fan, or just a recreational player, it’s a good idea to be familiar with the basic volleyball rules.
Basic Volleyball Rules for Playing the Game
- 6 players on a team, 3 on the front row and 3 on the back row
- Maximum of three hits per side
- Player may not hit the ball twice in succession (A block is not considered a hit)
- Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on a serve
- A ball hitting a boundary line is in
- A ball is out if it hits: an antennae, the floor completely outside the court, any of the net or cables outside the antennae, the referee stand or pole, or the ceiling above a non-playable area on 2nd or 3rd contact.
- It is legal to contact the ball with any part of a players body
- It is illegal to catch, hold, or throw the ball
- If two or more players contact the ball at the same time, it is considered one play and either player involved may make the next contact (provided the next contact isnt the teams 4th hit)
- A player can not block or attack a serve from on or inside the 10 foot line
- After the serve, front line players may switch positions at the net
- Games are played to 25 points, win by 2.
Basic Volleyball Rules Violations
The following are some basic volleyball rules for violations.
The result of a violation is a point for the opponent.
- When serving, stepping on or across the service line as you make contact with the serve
- Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully
- Contacting the ball illegally (lifting, carrying, throwing, etc. )
- Touching the net with any part of the body (except hair) while the ball is in play. Exception: If the ball is driven into the net with such force that it causes the net to contact an opposing player, no foul will be called, and the ball shall continue to be in play.
- When blocking a ball coming from the opponents court, contacting the ball when reaching over the net is a violation if both:
- 1) your opponent has not used 3 contacts AND
- 2) they have a player there to make a play on the ball
- When attacking a ball coming from the opponents court, contacting the ball when reaching over the net is a violation if the ball has not yet broken the vertical plane of the net.
- Crossing the court centerline with any part of your body. Exception: if its the hand or foot, the entire hand or entire foot must cross for it to be a violation.
- Serving out of order.
- Back row player blocking (deflecting a ball coming from their opponent), when at the moment of contact the back row player is near the net and has part of his/her body above the top of the net (an illegal block).
- Back row player attacking a ball inside the front zone ( the area inside the 10 foot line), when at the moment of contact the ball is completely above the net (an illegal attack).
The Court: The length of the court is 60 feet long. The width of the court is 30 feet wide. One side of the court is 30’x30′. There is a 10 foot line that is 10 feet from the net. It signifies that only front row players can jump and attack above the plane of the net in front of the 10′ line. If a back row player hits above the plane of the net in front of the 10′ line, it is considered a violation.